Rancho El Carbon is an extensive wildlife breeding area. There are no high fences there, and it's only limited by livestock fences from the contiguous ranches, which are no obstacle for the free circulation of wild animals.

At El Carbón we have no livestock whatsoever, in order for the native wildlife and vegetation to be totally preserved.

The fauna subject to be hunted in Rancho El Carbon includes: Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), Coues white tail deer (Odocoileus virginianus couesi) and collared peccary (Pecari tajacu).

DESERT MULE DEER
Odocoileus hemionus

This species has found, in Rancho El Carbon, the ideal conditions for its reproduction, nourishment and protection during the whole year, thanks to its natural characteristics, regardless of the improvements and management implemented by its owners who, which, as we said before, have consisted in the reforestation of eroded areas, drinking, feeding places and salt bed installation, and constant vigilance, etc.

We must keep in mind that this is a nomadic species that rarely gets established in a single place for a long time, making it difficult to find this kind of animals in fenced ranches. However, the healthy abundance of bura deer in Rancho El Carbon all year round has attracted the attention of scientists and specialist, who have carried out several studies concerning the behavior of these animals in our property.

The last study was carried out by the University of Arizona, in collaboration with Sonoran authorities and technicians, who captured 14 adult and pregnant muley does in Rancho El Carbon; blood, feces, and muscle tissue samples were taken from them, and a radiotransmitter collar placed on them in order to follow their movements by means of a special plane sent form Phoenix, Arizona, every month during the year 2002.

This research has provided scientists with valuable information regarding the behavior of this species, but one of its surprising characteristics is the constant presence of the does in the same area, which is unusual in this kind of deer. This behavior -where hunting is concerned- indicates the constant presence of female deer in the area, which forcefully attracts males during the rut. This is why Rancho El Carbon has got, traditionally, the UMA with the greatest number of hunting permits for bura in Sonora state.

Rancho El Carbón presents a very special hunting condition, as it is surrounded by ranches specialized in "Cimarron" or wild sheep hunts, which means that mule deer hunting in those properties is almost nonexistent, as it's not desirable for their owners to scare away the wild sheep population with people roaming their properties stalking a muley, which produces a lower profit compared to wild sheep. This benefits Rancho El Carbon.

COUES WHITETAIL DEER
Odocoileus virginianus couesi

Due to the existence of multiple high hills, we can also find whitetail deer of the coues subspecies in sufficient quantities for the corresponding authorities --SEMARNAT-- to grant a cynegetic exploitation rate, although, to be honest, the population of these small deer is smaller than that of the muleys in Rancho El Carbon.

Coues deer, as members of the whitetail species, are territorial animals that live in mountainous areas, which differentiates them from bura deer, which are nomadic and prefer lower lands.

In recent years, probably due to the constant improvements of Rancho El Carbon, their numbers have increased. Although hunters visiting the ranch consider this animal a secondary species, hunting them is an exciting challenge which complements the muley hunt, as it adds to the pleasure of a desert hunt.

 

VCB Coues
 

COLLARED PECCARY
Pecari tajacu

The environmental characteristics of Rancho El Carbon are also appreciated by javelinas (collared peccary), which graze in its land forming large groups.

The hunt of this species has been quite limited, as hunters concentrate in muleys without paying much attention to the peccary.


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